Describe two or more psychological explanations

However, not all research supports the importance of life stressors. In the control condition the dogs could jump a small barrier and escape the shocks, but in the experimental condition the barrier was higher and the foot shocks were therefore inescapable.

Is this due to its higher prevalence, its wider diagnosis or differences in diagnosis in other cultures? The classic example here obviously is Zimbardo see later notes Research distinguishing compliance and internalisation Kelman Black American students were given talks persuading them that some black-only colleges were essential for maintaining black culture.

Beck went on to become professor emeritus in the department of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania. We attributed his lateness to the dispositional factor of their nature as being late all the time.

This essay will cover both genetic and neural explanations of Describe two or more psychological explanations. An obvious way to judge validity of a test is to observe the person in real life situations.

I do not feel sad 1. Any drop is also short-lived. Therefore, we cannot infer a causal relationship between stressful life events and schizophrenia.

Some participants viewed the conversation while facing Actor one, such that they were unable to see the front of Actor two, while other participants viewed the conversation while facing Actor two, obstructed from the front of Actor one.

This unwillingness to report psychological symptoms may be due to the stigma some societies associate with illnesses of the mind and the discrimination that families may face as a result.

In a follow up trial when they were provided with a handle that would turn the sound off they sat back and endured it. Kendler and Gardner believe that the DSM diagnosis is pitched towards the higher end of this spectrum.

In depressed people, however, cortisol peaks earlier in the morning and does not level off or decrease in the afternoon or evening. Internal The person blames themselves.

There is biological evidence to support the cognitive explanation. Reactive depression on the other hand is caused by external factors such as loss of job, death of relative etc. The cognitive approach has real-world applications as the basis for a form of therapy.

Dry mouth Constipation -bran cereals, prunes, fruit, and vegetables should be in the diet Bladder problems -emptying the bladder completely may be difficult Sexual problems Blurred vision, dizziness and drowsiness.

As usual, adoption studies like this provide some of the most powerful evidence for a genetic component. Seasonal affective disorder You are already familiar with this from the work we did on biological rhythms. The cognitive approach has real-world applications as the basis for a form of therapy.

The Azande attributed their deaths, or the fact that they were standing next to the walls when it collapsed was to witchcraft. When I say that it may be linked to melatonin production does that ring any bells? Rose et al attributed it that word again to abuse, parents being overly protective, harsh discipline within the family and to very high expectations from parents.

Bush aaaaaaaaaaaaaaarghhhhh just the mention of that name… reported significantly higher suicide rates six times higher than expected in 15 to 24 year olds living in the Alaskan hinterland.

Individuals internalise the majority opinion because they want to be right. In the summer light levels suppress melatonin production and darkness stimulates its production which is a factor in the onset of sleep. The research by Brown and Birley was a retrospective study where data is collected after vents have occurred.

Dosulepin dothiepinimipramine and amitriptyline Serotonin and noradrenaline are released into the synapse. It is quite likely that recall would be negatively affected by the events surrounding the onset of schizophrenia so such evidence may be unreliable.


Thirdly, not all depressives show reduced levels of these chemicals and similarly not all patients benefit from anti-depressives that work by increasing chemical activity.

If depression goes untreated then each bout typically lasts about six months, although this can be reduced to a more typical three months following treatment. Mood disorders are of two basic types: They may also help us explain why women are far more prone to depression.


Both are classed as monoamines as is dopamine. Essentially Beck believes that a depressed person has developed a negative set of schemas schemata upon which their expectations about life are based. However, according to Fergusson et al there is no greater likelihood of suicide than with tricyclics and both are probably fewer than with non-use of drugs.

Attribution bias

However, they also report some bias in studies. As yet, however, there is no evidence that this will provide a successful treatment.

A-Level Psychology

I am sad all of the time 3.outline and evaluate two or more biological explanations for schizophrenia. - Free download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.5/5(2).

Feb 06,  · COLLEGE ESSAYS Describe and evaluate the medical and one of the psychological explanations for the causes of abnormality. Models of abnormality are general ideas that outline the possible the nature of psychological abnormalities.

The second point of consideration is which of these two chosen topics has stronger evidence to support their argument, inferring that either testosterone or serotonin is the more likely cause of. Psychology: Implications. in. the real world. explanation of stress. [10]Describe one psychological and one individual differences explanation of stress.

[10]Describe two psychological explanations of stress.

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[10]Describe two individual differences explanations of stress. This means that they are more likely to have high levels of. Although the biological explanations of depression have received more research support, the psychological explanations have also been significant.

It is likely that, the biological factors cause the development of depression, while the psychological factors maintain the disorder. THE TOOLS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH CHAPTER 2 LEARNING • Case studies and surveys • Purpose of psychological tests Describe techniques for predicting behavior • Difference between correlation and causation Describing techniques for explaining behavior • Leads us to be more certain about causation Research is rarely perfect, from.

Describe two or more psychological explanations
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