Achieving conservation Asia-Pacific has been a leader in the designation of legally protected areas, having so classified a total of some The maximum output of wood and fiber has often been the primary goal of forest policies.
Conflicts between management for timber and for non-timber forest products, including medicinal plants and forest genetic resources Increasingly, non-timber and ecological values of Logging ban are given greater weight in forest policies.
In the past, non-economic factors, including biophysical forest and species characteristics and political considerations, have influenced many decisions regarding plantations. According to national policies, future wood supplies are to be secured only from plantations.
The establishment of a separate national Department of Conservation with distinct goals, funding and staff assured follow-up management and planning according to conservation objectives.
In some instances, more Logging ban guidelines for forest practices e. As natural forest supplies declined, plantations were in place to supply both domestic and export markets.
In addition to industrial timber utilization, households and industries also consume approximately 14 million m3 of fuelwood. Forest plantations are commonly seen as a logical alternative timber supply source.
Although Logging ban Government coordinates the flow of imports, some provinces close to Laos and Cambodia have direct contacts with the suppliers. The case studies also reflect the outcry against lax natural forest administration, poor enforcement of existing regulations and guidelines, and the external consequences of careless logging, over-cutting, and the often disregard for environmental values.
The study of the efficacy of removing natural forests from timber production as a strategy for conserving forests, conducted at the request of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission APFC and coordinated by the FAO Regional Office for Asia-Pacific, sought to review the experiences with logging bans in selected countries.
Concern over continuing deforestation is the dominant issue. After a brief decline, supply increased to over 90 million m3 per year from toand totaled In the other countries, such separation of functions is not fully defined in their organizational structures or practical operational management, potentially creating confusion or conflicts within traditional forestry-natural resources units.
Wasteful harvesting and damage to residual stands also negatively impact future forest productivity, and add significantly to private and social costs.
Environmental forest functions may be seriously impaired or destroyed during conventional timber harvesting. Asia-Pacific net growth of commercial species on available natural forests versus industrial roundwood production Plantations in the Asia Pacific region The Asia-Pacific region has a reported Total growth is estimated at million m3, and industrial roundwood production is million m3.
Furthermore, declaration of protected areas does not guarantee effective protection, administration or active management for the intended purposes. Total annual wood imports large and small dimensions are estimated at m3. Protection of biodiversity, conservation of gene pools, the still unknown potential of medicinal plants and other social values of forest fauna and flora are often incompatible with the management of natural forests for commercial timber.
China is seeking alternative timber supplies by expanding its forest plantations and imports.
To assist farmers residing in forest areas, the Government allocated up to 3 ha of land to interested families for development of economic forests. It was perhaps incidental that the Government also chose to privatize State-owned plantations and withdraw from commercial timber production.(Richard Finney & Ounkeo Souksavanh, Logging Continues in Laos as Provinces Ignore Export Ban, RADIO FREE ASIA (Dec.
7, ).) An un-named civil society organization has reportedly claimed that provincial governors personally profit from the trade, running sawmills and managing the trade in cooperation with investors from neighboring Vietnam. The ban on logging comes three days after the country’s Members of the National Assembly Environment and Natural Resource Committee appealed to the Government to consider totally banning logging.
A temporary ban on logging has been proposed to the government and is likely to be approved, according to Myanma Timber Enterprise managing director U Saw John Shwe Ba, though restrictions are not yet in place, as has been widely reported. The logging ban in Thailand was imposed on 17 January in response to devastating floods in Nakorn Srithammarat Province in southern Thailand the previous November.
Logging contracts and concessions were cancelled, and applications for new concessions were dismissed. Myanmar’s logging ban a major step towards forest sector reform LONDON: The new Government of Myanmar has agreed a temporary national logging ban and a year logging ban in.
Logging and Export Bans Many countries have enacted log export ban policies to protect forests or to bolster their domestic timber industry. Below is a non-exhaustive list of export bans, the product scope that the export ban covers, the current status of the ban, when the information was last reviewed and updated, and the source of the.Download